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Long to reign over us, God save the Queen. Each part of the country also has a flower as its emblem: rose is the symbol of England, leek and daffodil — of Wales, thistle — of Scotland and shamrock — of Ireland. Why did the Scottish people choose thistle, this thorny plant, as the national emblem?

People say that during a surprise night attack by foreign invaders the Scottish soldiers were awakened by the shouts of the invaders as their bare feet touched the thorns of the thistles in the field they were crossing. So thistle saved their land from enemies. This, of course, was a good reason to choose the thistle as a national emblem! As for the Welsh emblems a legend tells us how David, who was chosen as the patron saint of Wales, suggested that his people should wear a leek in their bonnets during battles so that they could be easily recognized.

However, as St. Read aloud and translate the underlined sentences into Russian. Choose one of the symbols of the country in the text and tell about it. Choose one Russian symbol, find out some information about it and tell about the symbol to your groupmates. Answer the questions. What is the governmental body in the country? How is the state system called? Who heads the Parliament?

What state system do we have in Russia? Many English words are of French origin. Try to guess the meaning of the following words. Pronounce correctly, transcribe and translate the words. Monarchy, sovereign, politician, dictatorship, commonwealth, ambassador, royal, realm, Empire, Duke, Duchess, christen, chapel, Lieutenant, Edinburgh, monarch, Malta, Majesty. Read and translate the text.

The British monarchy is an interesting institution. This is due to the fact that it does not actually govern. Although the Sovereign has very wide theoretical powers, they are seldom, if ever, used. The Queen is really a figure representing the country, but she has the power to prevent any politician establishing a dictatorship.

She is also Head of the Commonwealth, and is Head of State in 14 of its 41 member countries. The Queen and her family are a symbol that people can identify with. The monarchy has not always been popular. During the late 19th century there was a growing republican sentiment, but the personality and family image of the Queen, her father and grandfather have removed that feeling.

The Queen is probably the wealthiest woman in the world, most of the money coming from family investments rather than the state. Her state salary the Civil List pays for her servants and transport. In recent years the Queen has become a roving ambassador for Britain, and if we calculate the increase in trade after a royal visit abroad, the nation probably makes a profit from her activities, and that does not take into account the income from tourism in Britain generated by the monarchy and great state events such as royal weddings.

Translate the words into English. Монархия, политик, диктатура, посол, королевский, царствование, империя, герцог, герцогиня, крестить, часовня, лейтенант, Эдинбург, монарх, Мальта, Величество. Give the main idea of each paragraph of the text.

Is it good or bad when the population of the country knows much about the personal life of the Head of State? What is your opinion? Are there any advantages of being ruled by the Queen for Britain? Any disadvantages? Exercise Make up a dialogue. One of you is a British tourist, the other one is a Russian student. Discuss the state systems of your countries and try to find out which is better: a parliamentary monarchy or a democratic republic.

Read the text. The Royal couple has four children, and so far have six grandchildren. Prince Charles, now the Prince of Wales, heir1 to the throne, was born in , and his sister, Princess Anne, now the Princess Royal, two years later. After Princess Elizabeth became Queen, their third child, Andrew, arrived in and the fourth, Prince Edward, in Prince Andrew and Prince Edward were the first children born to a reigning monarch since Queen Victoria gave birth to her youngest child, Princess Beatrice, in After her marriage Princess Elizabeth paid formal visits with the Duke of Edinburgh to France and Greece, in autumn they toured Canada.

The Princess, accompanied by Prince Philip, took his place. Representatives of the peers, the Commons and all the great public interests in Britain, the Prime Ministers and leading citizens of the other Commonwealth countries, and representatives of foreign states were present. It was television, then in its relative infancy that brought the splendour3 and the deep significance of the coronation to many hundreds of thousands of people in a way never before possible.

The coronation was followed by drives through every part of London, a review of the fleet at Spithead, and visits to Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. Be laconic: write out just word-combinations. Read aloud the words below the text. Mind the stress in them. Pay attention to their Russian equivalents. The Queen is the titular Head of State and she nominally carries out many formal duties, which might seem as though she has power.

For example, she opens and dissolves Parliament, authorizes Acts of Parliament, which makes them into laws of the land, etc. The Queen actually appoints the PM, but she must always choose the person who is the leader of the party with the greatest number of MPs. If the PM wishes to resign2 and many of us wish he would! She then chooses another PM, but it will be the man the last one told her to choose and will be only a temporary measure until Parliament itself chooses a new one, usually following a General Election3.

She appoints the Archbishop5 of Canterbury, the senior cleric in the Church, but she simply accepts the person proposed to her by the PM and even he simply endorses the choice of the bishops. She is head of the armed forces and even the ceremonial Colonel of some regiments, but she has no say in how they are formed or what they do — it is the PM, hopefully but not necessarily, with the approval of Parliament who sends them off to fight wars.

The present Queen is reputed to take a keen interest in the affairs of state and in foreign events, but not all monarchs have done so. This, like so many other duties, is supposed to show the authority of the Queen, but again the PM does not need to take any notice of what she tells him. There are some things, which only the Queen can do, such as exercising the Royal Prerogative, which is theoretically subject to no restriction.

This means that she can do anything she likes! In practice, the authority is the Home Secretary7 who reports to the PM. Similarly, foreign ambassadors will present their credentials9 to the Queen, but then deal with the government.

The Queen may hold state dinners in honour of certain guests, but always on the advice of the PM. It is the Queen who presents medals and gives honours to people deemed worthy of receiving them, but it is doubtful whether she has any choice about who those people are. Medals are often presented by the Queen or one of her family standing in for her at garden parties held in Buckingham Palace, her house in London.

On State occasions11, the Queen has precedence — she walks first, she sits first at dinner, etc, and the PM trails along behind. There have been occasions when it is reported that the PM wished to have a more prominent position and has been snubbed12, but these are matters of show, not the exercise of authority.

Find in the text the sentences with the words below it. Translate the sentences from English into Russian. Say if the statements are true or false. Correct the false ones. The Prime Minister exercises more power and authority than the Queen. The Prime Minister is elected by the members of Parliament. If the Prime Minister wishes to resign he asks parliament for permission to do so.

The Archbishop of Canterbury is the head of the Church of England. The Queen is the head of the armed forces. Everything in the country is done in the name of the Queen. The Queen is the final authority in the case of presenting medals and giving honours to people. Look through the text and write out in 2 columns the duties of the Queen and the duties of the Prime Minister.

Be ready to tell some words about their duties. Who, in your opinion, heads the country? Is it necessary for the country to have the Queen and the Prime Minister at the same time? Read the text and say what you have learnt from it. The first big royal television event ever was her coronation in The ceremony was a fantastic spectacle in Westminster Abbey.

Twenty million people watched it. She works very hard, with a busy programme of engagements every year. But Philip changed his surname to Mountbatten when he became a British citizen. He was a Navy officer when he first met Princess Elizabeth. She was only twenty-one when they married. Prince Philip is also called the Duke of Edinburgh.

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